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Financial Assets (i2tutorials)

Financial Assets

Everything you need to know about Financial Assets

The financial assets can be described as an investment whose value has derived from a contractual claim of what they showcase. They are majorly liquid assets so that they can be turned into cash when needed. Financial instruments or financial securities is another name of financial assets.

The worth of an asset in the market gets determined by the demand and supply it has in the market. People’s financial assets can change because their value has marked as per the cash required to convert them. Different financial assets have various risks and returns.

Financial assets face a critical issue, and that is reporting them into a balance sheet. With measuring the business assets, there is no single measure or technique that could be suitable for all types of assets. The present market value of the assets could be a relevant measure when the investments tend to be small.

A corporation that owns a majority of shares in another company and doesn’t sell its shares; the market value isn’t relevant for them.

Types of Financial Assets:

  1. Certificate of Deposit – An agreement between an investor and a bank where the investor can keep an amount of money in the bank for a set and agreed period in exchange for a rate of interest that he desires.
  2. Bonds – This is a debt instrument sold by the government or companies to raise funds for short-term projects.
  3. Stocks – It means participating in the ownership of the company with shared profits and losses.
  4. Cash – Hard cash or cash equivalents.
  5. Bank Deposits – Cash in savings or current accounts.
  6. Loans – Loans have a fixed payment.
  7. Derivatives – Their value comes from underlying assets.

Advantages of Financial Assets:

  • They can be used to pay bills as they are very liquid.
  • Investors have more security when they have capital in these liquid assets.
  • Transfer of funds becomes more accessible with these.
  • Risk has determined by the parties involved in the tangible assets’ investments.

Disadvantages of Financial Assets- 

  • The cash holding in banks is limited.
  • Some accounts may restrict withdrawals.
  • If you withdraw cash before the maturity date, it will result in penalties and low returns.


These are an essential part of any organization. It always has to have a decent record of its financial assets so that it will be put to use whenever needed, if in monetary emergencies. It’s helpful to have a check on the supply of these assets.

 Each financial asset encompasses a different yet particular goal for the holder; each includes an amount of risk related to it, and thus returns also get supported by various risks for the purchaser of the financial asset. Since a variety of financial assets have some chance and reward-related to it, it’s always advisable to incorporate a combination of various asset types to own an optimal portfolio. It helps within the proper functioning of the organization with none deficiency of assets.

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